The Evolution of Consensus: How Proof-of-Liquidity is Changing the Blockchain Game


Blockchain technology, while revolutionary, constantly evolves to overcome challenges. Proof-of-Stake (PoS) emerged as a consensus mechanism but faced issues such as reduced liquidity and stake centralization. Enter Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL), an innovative approach introduced by Mangata Finance in 2021. This detailed blog will delve into the intricacies of Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL), its advantages over Proof-of-Stake PoS, and the potential to redefine decentralized networks.

Understanding Proof-of-Stake

Before delving into Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL), let’s briefly revisit Proof-of-Stake (PoS). Proof-of-Stake (PoS) is a consensus mechanism that balances security, speed, and decentralization. In Proof-of-Stake (PoS), token holders can validate transactions and create new blocks based on the amount of cryptocurrency they hold and are willing to ‘stake’ as collateral. Despite its efficiency, Proof-of-Stake (PoS) has faced challenges such as reduced liquidity, stake centralization, and limited validator incentives.

Drawbacks of Proof of Stake

  • Liquidity Reduction: Enhancing the chain’s security often decreases liquidity for transactions and Liquidity Provider (LP) pools.
  • Centralization of Stake: The distribution of newly created tokens favors the same network participants, leading to a centralization of stake.
  • Limited Security Improvement Opportunities: Protocols face constraints in their ability to bolster the security of the chain on which they are built.
  • Limited Benefits for Validators: Validators often see minimal benefits from the protocols they provide infrastructure.

Enter Proof-of-Liquidity

Proof-of-liquidity (PoL) is a consensus mechanism that was developed to address the limitations of the Proof-of-Stake (PoS) model, particularly the issue of locked capital, which is detrimental to Decentralized Finance (DeFi). The primary goal of Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL) is to enhance capital efficiency, which is considered a vital determinant of the success of Decentralized Exchanges (DEXes).

In Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL), users provide liquidity to liquidity pools and earn a governance token, which they delegate to validators. Validators then produce blocks based on the weight of the delegated tokens. This mechanism separates the delegation token from the gas token of the chain, thereby ensuring that the token used for staking is not the same as the one used for on-chain actions. This approach increases liquidity and decentralizes inflation, thereby addressing stake centralization, a common issue in Proof-of-Stake (PoS).


Working of Proof-of-Liquidity

Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL) builds upon PoS, aiming to address its shortcomings and introduce a more robust governance model. Here’s a breakdown of how Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL) works:

  • Providing Liquidity: Users contribute liquidity to BEX liquidity pools and earn Bera Governance Tokens (BGT), used for delegation in Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL).
  • Delegation to Validators: Users delegate their BGT to validators, who then produce blocks based on the proportional weight of the BGT delegated to them.
  • Reward Mechanism: Delegators and Validators receive rewards from the chain, fostering a mutually beneficial relationship.
  • Governance Voting: Validators representing the network participants vote on future BGT inflation across various liquidity pools.
  • Bribery Mechanism: Validators can distribute bribes to their delegators, providing additional incentives.

Key Components of Proof-of-Liquidity

To comprehend Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL) fully, it’s essential to highlight its key components:

  • Separation of Tokens: Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL) separates the delegation token from the gas token of the chain, ensuring enhanced security and liquidity.
  • Liquidity Incentives: The only way to earn new BGT is by providing liquidity to the BEX, incentivizing users to contribute to liquidity pools.

Building Blocks of Proof-of-Liquidity

The core building blocks of Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL) include:

  • Delegated Liquidity Staking: Users stake LP tokens, such as DOT, parachain tokens, and ERC20 tokens, instead of a single native asset.
  • Pairing Assets with MGA: All staking assets are paired against MGA, creating stakeable LP tokens contributing to the liquidity pool.
  • Continuous Liquidity: Staking LP tokens with nodes ensures continuous liquidity, avoiding the problem of locked capital.

Advantages of Proof-of-Liquidity

Bridging Market Makers

PoL acts as a bridge between market makers on centralized exchanges, allowing larger exchanges to be their market makers, facilitating cross-exchange market making, and generating revenue from trade spreads.

Cross Exchange Market Making

PoL enables larger exchanges to serve as primary market makers for smaller exchanges, fostering a more interconnected and efficient trading ecosystem.

Revenue Generation

Larger exchanges, functioning as market makers through PoL, enhance liquidity and generate revenue from trade spreads, strengthening their economic model.

Disadvantages of Proof-of-Liquidity

Liquidity Crisis

PoL is susceptible to a liquidity crisis, where an imbalance between supply and demand for assets can lead to financial instability, even causing bankruptcy in extreme cases.

Asset Locking

Participation in PoL requires users to lock up their assets, enhancing security but potentially acting as a barrier for users unwilling to lock up their assets for an extended period.

New Technology Risks

Being a relatively new consensus mechanism, PoL may face unforeseen challenges and vulnerabilities as blockchain technology evolves.

Risks Associated with Staking and Liquidity Provision

PoL combines staking and liquidity provision, introducing risks such as slashing risk with misbehaving nodes and impermanent loss. Proactive risk mitigation strategies are essential for stability.

Implications and Considerations

As Proof-of-Liquidity (PoL) is a novel concept, several implications and considerations need to be acknowledged:

  • Liquidity Base Layer: Staked LP tokens create a base layer of liquidity, supporting other trading pairs on the DEX chain.
  • Security Measures: Governance whitelisting ensures that only approved assets can be used as Proof-of-Liquidity base assets, mitigating potential risks.
  • Dual Rewards: Users can simultaneously benefit from block rewards and trading fees, aligning staking and liquidity incentives.
  • Risks: The combination of staking and liquidity provision introduces risks like slashing risk and impermanent loss, necessitating proactive risk mitigation strategies.


Proof-of-liquidity (PoL) is a promising consensus mechanism that addresses some of the key challenges associated with traditional mechanisms like Proof-of-Work (PoW) and Proof-of-Stake (PoS). By separating the delegation token from the gas token of the chain and incentivizing liquidity provision, PoL enhances capital efficiency, decentralizes inflation, and aligns the interests of validators and the ecosystem of projects. This makes it a potentially transformative approach to blockchain governance.

However, like any technology, PoL is not without its challenges. It requires users to lock up their assets to participate, which could be a barrier for some. Also, as a relatively new consensus mechanism, it may face unforeseen challenges and vulnerabilities. Despite these potential drawbacks, the innovative approach of PoL to addressing the limitations of PoS and PoW makes it a compelling area of study for anyone interested in the future of blockchain technology. As the blockchain landscape continues to evolve, it will be interesting to see how PoL and similar mechanisms fare in the face of real-world challenges.

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