The novice crypto trader’s guide to market indicators

Crypto traders use different technical indicators when analyzing a specific cryptocurrency of their interest. While there are hundreds of different options to choose from, traders must zero in on those indicators that work best for them. Advanced traders may sometimes combine several technical indicators with more subjective technical analysis such as analyzing charts as mentioned here to get trade ideas. These technical indicators are also coupled with automatic trading systems to bear fruitful results whilst trading.

We will help you make sense of these technical indicators that will enable you to come up with different trade ideas and strategies. It will benefit you to trade safely without having to lose much in case something goes wrong. You can read about trading psychology here which is very important when using these indicators and charts. Using indicators and charts in crypto trading is a prerequisite to proper trades. We suggest you give a thorough read to understand how your headspace will be too important in the midst of an active trade.

What are Technical Indicators?

Indicators are tools which when used by technical analysis help traders predict price movements of securities. These are fairly sophisticated tools for following trends and monitoring market movement and if mastered, they can help you wager on a certain trend to bring back positive returns. Since a security’s price has momentum, it is imperative that you

These indicators are based on Newtonian physics which deals with reading the movement of macroscopic objects. They are used to monitor the movement of security overtime to predict its near future which is why they are used predominantly.

In layman’s terms, indicators are just graphs and formulas to understand what are traders buying and selling & where market sentiment lie and is likely to linger in the future. Let’s find out how we can use technical indicators to develop different trading strategies.

Why are they used?

These graphs and patterns are used for two major reasons:

Fundamental analysis

Helps assess the intrinsic value of a cryptocurrency by studying its sales, profits, competitors, market etc. If you know about these, you’ll know where you are planning on investing. If the values you studied are insignificant, you need to let go of the idea of investing in that asset.

Technical analysis

Technical analysis or simply TA is an enhanced analysis of the statistical trends of a cryptocurrency that is gathered from the trading figures such a price and volume. It is done through reading and analyzing patterns such as price, candlesticksdoji, and other key indicators to spot trading opportunities and devise favourable trading strategies.

Technical analysis is based on indicative measures to help assess market swings, sentiment, volumes, trends and more. In other words, it helps you in determining the motivations of all other traders in a given market of a specific asset.

There are three types of movements in an asset’s market as devised by Charles Henry Dow, an American journalist. He is also revered as the father of the technical analysis.

Dow Image-How to trade cryptocurrencies with beginner-friendly technical analysis

Dow theory


Long term outlook

How does the price of an asset look over a course of year or more?

Medium swing

Price change over the course of then days or three months

Short swing

Tells us how the asset is behaving hour to hour

If more people are acting in a specific way, the trend is likely to be favourable for your trading appetite. These are the three fundamental factors responsible for efficient crypto trading. Technical analysis is as important as your money invested in a market, so you need to make sure that your research of the trend is actual and thoroughly vetted.

Types of Indicators dominantly used by crypto-traders

Relative Strength Index (RSI)

RSI is a method to map an asset as to whether it is overbought or oversold. Ranging between 0–100, the RSI indicates over 70 represents that the asset is oversold and if it falls below 30, it is indicative that the markets are overbought. Numbers above 70 tell us that the markets can fall, whereas, numbers below 30 indicate that markets are likely to rise, thus, an easy indicator for beginners to start betting.

RSI Index-How to trade cryptocurrencies with beginner-friendly technical analysis


The numbers can help you out in two ways:

A number above 70 can help you with a selling opportunity

Numbers below 30 give you a possible buying opportunity

The RSI is the simple most beneficial tool for traders who usually map it for 14 days or more. It will not only help you determine market moments but allow you to buy or sell just on time.

Simple Moving Averages (SMA)

These are referred to as ‘simple signals’ and are widely used by crypto traders. SMAs are calculated by adding the prices over a given number of periods, then dividing the sum by the number of periods. Traders can make better trades by watching the downtrends and uptrends the best of what this Indicator tool does. By reading SMAs, you will be able to find support and resistance for prices and good buying points on pullbacks. It helps users to track new trends and opportune windows to place your trade and walk out with a good profit. Refer to this video by Datadash where they explain SMAs on the screen.


This indicator allows traders to gauge the strength of price movements by comparing closing prices over time. The indicator is represented by a single line on the chart that helps traders realize how fast the price of an asset is moving. If the reading is higher than 100, it indicates that the price is rising and if the number falls below 100, the price is falling to the downside.

Momentum-How to trade cryptocurrencies with beginner-friendly technical analysis-Tradedog


This tool is highly useful when identifying trends that are gaining or losing momentum.

It allows traders to compare the most recent closing price to a previous closing price.


Volume is perhaps the most used and trusted indicator in the cryptocurrency sphere. It remains underrated due to traders relying on other indicators as their primary mode of market monitoring. The volume tool shows how many people are buying or selling a certain coin in a given timeframe. One of the fundamental factors before trading or investing lies in the understanding of the market volume of a cryptocurrency. Volume check is necessary even before thinking to choose any other analysis tool to be sure you’re not going to throw in the towel a little later when you lose your invested funds. This momentum can be equated to the classical formula i.e momentum=mass*velocity wherein the ‘mass’ represents the number of traders trading an asset. The fewer the traders, the lesser the momentum and conversely the opposite.

Bitcoin Trading volume-How to trade cryptocurrencies with beginner-friendly technical analysis-Tradedog



Moving Averages

Moving averages is a fine line on a crypto trading chart that represents the closing price of a crypto asset. The moving indicator calculates the average price of an asset over time while recalculating as the time moves forward. These are the most used indicators when venturing into the depths of crypto trading. They can also be used by beginners who struggle to wager on a trade’s success. You got to stick to just one crypto trading style and stick to it for an errorless pursuit of crypto profits.

Moving Averages-How to trade cryptocurrencies with beginner-friendly technical analysis-Tradedog

Trading view

Using the Moving Average is simple as you can modify how many periods you want to consider. You need to dictate the timeframe of the period you want to analyze before using this tool as it will work in sync with your trading style. If you are a short-term trader, a relatively shorter moving average will be beneficial for you. But if you’re a long-term trader, moving averages can extend to further periods. There are basically two types of moving averages namely, traditional moving average and the exponential moving average which is a prominent tool to weigh in the cryptocurrency’s recent prices.


By using these indicators, you will be confident enough to initiate trades even if you are a beginner. If you learn to interpret them correctly, you can utilize other trading styles and strategies to build value in your trading and investing. You can go from novice to an expert in a matter of day if you start with significantly low capital to assess your trading styles and these tools without losing much of your investment. The aforementioned tools, however, have some limitations in their own unique ways but they are a gateway to successful trading if interpreted correctly.

TradeDOG’s articles are meant for novices and beginners who have just started to scratch the surface of crypto trading. With numerous topics and discussions across our social channels, we are imparting the necessary skills and knowledge to help them enhance their crypto trading acuity.

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